Mummies in California (28?)
Phoebe Apperson Hearst Museum of Anthropology (9)
Formely the Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology
University of California at Berkeley--102 Kroeber Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
The Hearst's Egyptian mummies are usually not on view. In fact, almost all of the Egyptian items are in storage. They are part of the largest collection of Ancient Egyptian artifacts west of Chicago. The lion's share was collected by George Reisner acting for Phoebe Apperson Hearst in 1899-1905 (17,000 catalogue entries!). There are, in addition, 5,000 entries from other sources. They are also home to the famous Tebtunis Papyri Collection. http://tebtunis.berkeley.edu/
The Hearst Expediation headed by Reisner included artist, Joseph Lindon Smith. He documented many of the fragile tomb paintings. His memoirs Tombs, Temples & Ancient Art is an invaluable resource.
It is difficult to say exactly how many mummies there are at PAHMA.
In the traditional sense I count at least 9 Egyptian mummies, excluding the mass of predynastic human remains collected by Reisner from Naga-ed-Der, etc., and the myriad coffins and coffin fragments, and mummies from other cultures. Aufderheide, Becker, and Lupton's extensive survey, Human Mummy Collections in the United States of America, presented to the First International Mummy Congress (1992), numbers the collection at 15.
A very useful link for the Hearst's dynastic mummies is the following page on the Berkeley.edu site: The Book of the Dead in 3D
This gives us three mummies with accession numbers and images of their coffins as follows.
PAHMA 6-19930.1 Patjenef
Barbara Richter is currently preparing this coffin for publication
PAHMA 6-19928 Inner Coffin, Outer Coffin PAHMA 6-19912 Iwefaa's mummy PAHMA 12-1103, Iwefaa's bead netting PAHMA 12-11039, Iweffa was between 40-60 yrs of age, slight build, and based on his burial equipage, from Akhmim.
Published in: Yohe, R. M., Knudsen, J., & Kroenke, K. (2009). The Art of Death in Ancient Egypt: a Selection of Artifacts from the Phoebe A Hearst Museum of Anthropology. Bakersfield, CA: Todd Madigen Gallery CSU Bakersfield
PAHMA 6-19927 Unknown woman in coffin of Iws-n-min
"This coffin belonged to a woman who was buried near the city of Akhmim in the Ptolemaic period. Her coffin, as well as her mummy and cartonnage mummy-trappings were purchased on the antiquities market by George Reisner, for the growing Egyptian collection of Phoebe Hearst."
A CT Scan performed on the mummy when she was part of the "Art of Death in Ancient Egypt" exhibition at Cal State Bakersfield showed that he was a she:
Bakersfield mummy turns out to be a woman and is returned to the Hearst Museum
And then from the Collections Portal, I count 6 other Egyptian mummies:
The following three all labelled as Egyptian and collected by Phoebe but with little more additional information:
Then these 3 with slightly more information:
5-1405: Rectangular and anthropoid coffin set with mummy collected by William Randolph Hearst and donated by Phoebe Apperson Hearst.
5-1407 Mummy collected by Mrs. B.H. Merrill from the Valley of the Kings, Thebes dating to 18-20 dynasties.
5-13711 Mummy donated by Donald Heyneman in August 1975, from Egypt.
Los Angeles (3?)
Getty Villa (1)
17985 Pacific Coast Highway
Pacific Palisades, California
1 mummyd: Heracleides
Getting to Know Herakleides: Exploring a Red-Shroud Mummy from Roman Egypt
Los Angeles County Museum of Art (0)
5905 Wilshire Boulevard
Los Angeles, California 90036
tel 323 857-6000
While LACMA has no Egyptian mummies of its own, it does have the mummy of the 22nd Dynasty sistrum player, Tasenetnethor on long-term loan from the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. It also has approximately two-thousand works of art in its Egyptian Collection. The galleries were reinstalled in 2011 on Level 3 of the Hammer Building and display many objects which have not been on view in years, including two mummiform coffin lids, amulets, and tomb models. They also have many demotic and hieratic mummy tags, funerary cones, coffin fragments, stelae, mummy masks, scarabs, and a beautiful and complete 21st Dynasty coffin of a priest of Amun (M.47.3a-c), and many other objects all currently not on public view. All of these objects can be examined via their excellent search engine available here. Many of the images are in the public domain and available for download such as this Ptolemaic Period Mummy Label seen below.
Accession # MFA 72.4835d
Sistrum player of Aum
Acquired by Robert Hay (1799-1863) Probably Thebes by 1836, sold to Samuel Way (1868), inherited by C. Granville Way and given to the MFA (June 28, 1872).
On display at Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CA, since May 8, 1974
CT Examination of Eleven Egyptian Mummies, Myron Marx M.D. and Sue Haney D'Auria B.A.:
"The mummy Ta-Senet-Net-Hor, Sistrum-player of Amun, had also been disturbed in antiquity by grave robbers. A defect in the cartonnage and linen wrappings, presumably made by a knife. was noted in the right anterior chest wall (Figure 9D). This too was most likely an attempt by grave robbers to extract jewelry and amulets. In this mummy, there was also disruption ofthe seam atthe backofthe cartonnage and images show the linen wrapped mummy sliding out of its cartonnage."
She caught the attention of writer, Sean Patrick Traver
Summoning the Mummy, by Sean Patrick Traver
The Natural History Museum L.A. County (3)
900 Exposition Blvd. Los Angeles, CA 90007
Hours: 9:30 am - 5 pm daily
Closed: January 1, July 4, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day
There are no mummies on view at the Natural History Museum, however thanks to information supplied to me by Mr. Carter Lupton of the Milwaukee Public Museum, they do seem to have three Egyptian mummies in their collection. The Museum web-site does have a Collection Search feature which produces 85 results for "Egyptian (ancient)" including Crocodile mummy fragments, a Cat mummy, Three Bird mummies, a mummy mask (beautiful), a burial box from the Aswan Dam location, mummy cloth, and various ushabtis, scarabs, and amulets. But no results for human mummies. It is my understanding that two of the mummies in their collection appear to be on long-term loan to the San Diego Museum of Man.
San Diego (2)
San Diego Museum of Man (2)
1350 El Prado
San Diego, CA 92101
The museum holds the Ellen Browning Scripps Egyptian Collection: 400 objects from Amarna collected by the Egyptian Exploration Fund in the 1920's and 30's. And the more recent Smith Collection of Funerary Objects containing coffin masks, figurines, and mummified falcons. It also hosts many permanent and temporary exhibits. Their Egyptian collection also displays seven painted wooden coffins including an extremely rare Ptolemaic child's coffin. In the midst of all these coffins and burial goods you might be surprised to find only two Egyptian mummies, one being headless. The museum policy regarding the display of human remains is now changing: "Within the next few months, we will be taking the remains of six people in this gallery off display They will be moved next door, to a sanctuary space, where they will be cared for along with the remains of more than 5,000 other people currently held in the Museum’s collections."
San Francisco (7)
The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco (5)
The California Palace of the Legion of Honor
Lincoln Park near 34th Avenue and Clement Street
The M.H. de Young Memorial Museum
Golden Gate Park
75 Tea Garden Drive
San Francisco, CA 94118
The Ancient Art Council
Dedicated to supporting Antiquities at the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco.
Legion of Honor
100 34th Avenue, Lincoln Park
San Francisco, CA 94121
Mummy, mask and pectoral said to have been found in Fayum Ptolemaic, 332-30 BC
Gift of M. H. de Young
Linen and cartonnage (20296)
On display in The Legion of Honor Gallery 1.
X-rays show a female.
M.H. deYoung, co-founder along with his brother of the Daily Dramatic Chronicle newspaper, was a born collector. He started with stuffed birds, then moved onto Chinese wood carvings. He probably founded the museum in Golden Gate Park just to have a place to put all the things he collected. He would frequently visit his collections day or night. He was the mastermind behind The California Midwinter International Exposition of 1894, which was the source of several mummies in the United States. He was a colorful character; In 1884, he was shot by an irate businessman, Adolph B. Spreckels for a negative newspaper article. Spreckels coincidentally donated the California Palace of the Legion of Honor art museum to the city of San Francisco in 1924.
Mummy of Irethorrou in coffin 6th Century AD (42895)
Long said to be mummy of bishop Thoth, from the temple of Isis, Akhmim, he was actually a wardrobe-priest of Min. A priest in charge of washing, dressing and feeding the cult statue of Min. He has been in the collections of the Fine Arts Museums since 1917. Irethorrou had been on loan to the Haggin Museum, Stockton since 1944, but was returned with some fanfare to The Legion of Honor in 2009. From the Estate of Jeremiah Lynch.
[Very Postmortem: Mummies and Medicine Opens at the Legion of Honor on Halloween 2009]
[Mummy by the Bay: Irethorrou, an Egyptian Priest of the Early Persian Period by Renee D. Dreyfus, October 31, 2012]
Egyptian, 500-300 BC (20299)
This accession number does not match a mummy in the Fine Arts Museum database, however there is a 20298 which matches canopic jars of Pef-hery-netjer. Further research needs to be done to see if it is indeed on loan to the Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.
Mummy Egyptian, 18th Dynasty, 1550-1307BC
Historically said to be of Hatason, high priestesss and vestal virgin in the
temple of Amon Re at Asyut (Lycopolis). All of this has now been called into question. (2082) She was diminutive, well nourished, 50-60 years old, with dental loss.
In storage at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Fine
Arts Museums of San Francisco. N.B. This accession number does not match her mummy.
Video: Unwrapping the Secrets of Hatason
Daily Mail Article about her CT Scan, December 2015
Mummy with sarcophagus
Egyptian, 22nd Dynasty, 945-712 BC (20295)
In storage at the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Fine
Arts Museums of San Francisco
N.B. This accession number also does not seem to match any mummy. I am unable to find any more information about it in the Fine Arts Museum database.
Cedar-wood coffin belonging to a man named Irethoriru
FAMSF-2002.2a-a on the Hearst's 3D Mummy Page
Much of the information above was kindly supplied to me by Louise Chu, Assistant Curator
Ancient Art and Interpretation, California Palace of the Legion of Honor:
"A word of warning: since the objects have not been thoroughly researched by us, the information enclosed may be inaccurate."
San Francisco State University (2)
The Becker-Colonna Gallery
Closing Fall 2014 and moving to a new space in:
The Fine Arts Gallery
The Sutro Egyptian Collection
Atlas Obscura: The Sutro Collection
Mapquest: The Sutro Collection
1. Mummy of Nes-Per-N-Nub (105.1-107.3)
Resting in a rare set of triple nesting coffins
He was a doorkeeper in the temple of Amun
Probably from Thebes about 40 years of age, dental cavities and arthritis
2. Yellow Sarcophagus with unnamed mummy (104.1-104.3)
female mummy is small for sarcophagus
X-rays show extra bones in the wrappings
mummy case is of 21-22 Dynasty, mummy possibly later
3. Additional mummified body parts (126.1-127.6)
These mummies were purchased by Adolph Sutro on a "grand tour" trip to Egypt in 1895. He would later become mayor of San Francisco, in the 1890's. The Morning Call newspaper (8/23/1885) announced the arrival by steam ship of one of these mummies, characterized as an "Egyptian Princess's mummy." This is the sort of hyperbole that frequently accompanies the arrival of any mummy, male or female, at this period. Sutro's collection of Egyptian Antiquities today totals, in all, about 700 objects, including two mummies, three mummified heads, and a mummified hand. It is extremely unfortunate that all records of these purchases were destroyed in the fire of 1906. In February 1898 Adolph Sutro who had been showing signs of dementia was was officially judged incompetent by Judge Belcher.
ADOLPH SUTRO INCOMPETENT
At Sutro's death in August 1898 his estate was administered by his daughter, Dr. Emma L. Merritt. As executrix it was her job to file an account of her administration of the vast Adolph Sutro estate. The document contained 352 typewritten pages. An article in the San Francisco Call (1/14/1905) has this to say about the mummy and a few other objects.
"In the chapter on the museum there are passages that come under the heading of humorous. It is set forth that the head of the Egyptian sphinx crumbled and fell on August 29, 1903, and in the same year "there were a great many worms in one of the Egyptian mummies," but they were driven out by the use of cyanide of potassium. Apparently a mummy can stand a stronger dose than persons who have no need for an embalmer. It is also reported that two of the stuffed owls have been stolen, but the culprit is not named."
The collection was displayed at the Sutro Public Baths from 1895 to 1966. In 1966 the baths were slated for demolition. but luckily the collection had already been moved from the building the night before the baths burned to the ground. The collection was then housed for a time at the University of California Extension Center, before ultimately being transferred to the Classics Department of SFSU in the fall of 1972.
San Jose (8)
The Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum (8)
San Jose, CA 95191
Trip Advisor Reviews
The current museum building is 30 years old, but the Egyptian Museum at Rosicrucian Park dates to 1932. The Egyptian Museum houses the largest public display of Egyptian artifacts on the West Coast. Moreoever, the museum is the only Egyptian Museum in the world housed in authentic Egyptian architecture. The Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum and Planetarium is sponsored by the Rosicrucian Order, AMORC, a worldwide educational and philosophical organization. The museum is a treasure trove of mummies, sarcophagi, canopic jars, models of daily life, inscribed material, and objects of daily use. It also contains an amazing cache of Amarna material. There are reportedly 8 mummies at the museum. I counted 6 on display during my visit. Many of these can be traced back to the Drexel collection.
1. RC230 Unnamed mummy in coffin of Iret-iru.
2. RC2172 Unnamed female mummy resting in coffin of Ankh-Hor
Saite Period. Bad condition of linen wrappings indicates much exposure in the past
3. RC 22 mummy of a child from the Ptolemaic period
Time article on "Sherit."
4. RC 1677 Ta-Waher, female
5. RC 1680 Nes-Min in coffin of the scribe Disure
Priest of Min
Late, possibly Ptolemaic
6. RC 1779 User-Montu
User-Montu is famous for being purchased in 1971 from the Neiman-Marcus catalog.
Of Special Interest!
California State University
The Robert and Frances Fullerton Museum of Art
5500 University Parkway
San Bernardino, CA 92407-2397
Phone: (909) 537-7373
While I believe the collection has no mummies, they are said to have the largest collection of Egyptian art and artifacts west of the Mississippi River. The collection is on long-term loan from Dr. W. Benson Harer, Jr.